All Dogs Are Individuals [INFOGRAPHIC]: FrenchTranslation

All Dogs Are Individuals [INFOGRAPHIC]: FrenchTranslation

In this infographic Animal Farm Foundation looked at the science and research on the subject of canine genetics and behavior. What we found is simple: All Dogs Are Individuals.

Dans ce résumé graphique, Animal Farm Foundation explore la science et les recherches concernant la génétique et les comportements canins. Notre conclusion est simple : chaque chien est différent.

Despite how a dog may look on the outside or what their breed or breed mix may be, research reveals that dogs are complex animals influenced by many factors. Looks alone do not dictate behavior.

Peu importe l’apparence d’un chien, sa race ou son mélange de races, les recherches révèlent que les chiens sont des animaux complexes influencés par de nombreux facteurs. L’apparence à elle seule ne détermine pas le comportement.

Recognizing and understanding dogs as individuals is important for our families and communities. It means that every dog must be judged and evaluated for their actual behavior, rather than on assumptions, generalizations, and stereotypes based on breed or looks. And all dog owners must be held equally accountable.

Il est important pour nos familles et nos communautés qu’elles reconnaissent et comprennent chaque chien de façon individuelle. Cela signifie que chaque chien doit être évalué et jugé pour son comportement réel, et non en fonction des hypothèses, généralisations et des stéréotypes liés à l’apparence ou la race. Et tous les propriétaires de chien doivent être tenus tout aussi responsables.

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Want to share the infographic?

You can find the full graphic in English here. If you’d like to add the infographic to your website or blog, just cut and paste the embed code (at the bottom of this page). A preview image of the infographic will appear on your site!

 

Vous voulez partager le résumé graphique?

Vous trouverez le graphique complet ici. Si vous désirez ajouter le résumé graphique à votre site Web ou votre blogue, il vous suffit de copier et coller le code intégré (au bas de la présente page). Un aperçu du résumé graphique apparaîtra sur votre site!

 

Thank you to Véronique Allard for translating the infographic!

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CITATIONS:

The Dog and It’s Genome by Elaine Ostrander

Genetics and the Social Behavior of the Dog by Scott and Fuller

National Geographic

Kristopher J. Irizarry, PhD

Janis Bradley, The Relevance of Breed in Selecting a Companion Dog

Dr. Victoria Voith

ABSTRACTS:

Brachycephalic traits

Morphological traits

Brain development genes

Cranial facial development and here

Canine skull development

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

All Dogs Are Individuals [INFOGRAPHIC]: Spanish Translation

All Dogs Are Individuals [INFOGRAPHIC]: Spanish Translation

In this infographic Animal Farm Foundation looked at the science and research on the subject of canine genetics and behavior. What we found is simple: All Dogs Are Individuals.

En esta gráfica informativa, Animal Farm Foundation exploró la ciencia e investigación en relación al tema de la genética y el comportamiento canino. Lo que descubrimos fue simple: Cada Perro es un Individuo.

Despite how a dog may look on the outside or what their breed or breed mix may be, research reveals that dogs are complex animals influenced by many factors. Looks alone do not dictate behavior.

Sin importar la apariencia, o bien, la raza o mezcla de razas a las que un perro pertenezca, investigaciones recientes demuestran que los perros son animales complejos influenciados por varios factores. La apariencia no indica únicamente al comportamiento.

Recognizing and understanding dogs as individuals is important for our families and communities. It means that every dog must be judged and evaluated for their actual behavior, rather than on assumptions, generalizations, and stereotypes based on breed or looks. And all dog owners must be held equally accountable.

Es de suma importancia para nuestras familias y comunidades el reconocer y comprender a los perros como individuos. Esto significa que cada perro debe ser juzgado y evaluado por su verdadero comportamiento, en lugar de asumir, generalizar o basarnos en estereotipos, raza o apariencia. Y los dueños de cada perro debe tener la misma responsabilidad.

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Want to share the infographic?

You can find the full graphic here in English. If you’d like to add the infographic to your website or blog, just cut and paste the embed code (at the bottom of this page). A preview image of the infographic will appear on your site! And for a more detailed look at the English version of the infographic, please see this post. 

¿Quisieras compartir esta gráfica informativa?

Puedes encontrar la gráfica informativa completa aquí. Si quieres añadir la gráfica informativa en tu página web o blog, sólo copia y pega el código (se encuentra hasta abajo de esta página). ¡Una vista previa de la gráfica informativa aparecerá en tu sitio web!

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Thank you to Natalia Martinez of Design Lab Creative Studio for designing and translating the infographic!

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CITATIONS:

The Dog and It’s Genome by Elaine Ostrander

Genetics and the Social Behavior of the Dog by Scott and Fuller

National Geographic

Kristopher J. Irizarry, PhD

Janis Bradley, The Relevance of Breed in Selecting a Companion Dog

Dr. Victoria Voith

ABSTRACTS:

Brachycephalic traits

Morphological traits

Brain development genes

Cranial facial development and here

Canine skull development

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

A Closer Look at All Dogs Are Individuals [INFOGRAPHIC]

A Closer Look at All Dogs Are Individuals [INFOGRAPHIC]

Animal Farm Foundation infographic 1

All dogs are individuals means: We owe it to all dogs to see them for who they really are, free of prejudice, stereotypes, and assumptions that are based on a known pedigree, a breed label guess, physical appearance, or their past history.

Animal Farm Foundation infographic 2

Just a small handful of genes will determine how a dog looks on the outside. It’s not even 1% of their genome. And yet, we frequently make enormous, life changing assumptions about dogs based on that 0.25%!

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This set of genes, the ones that determine a dog’s breed associated physical traits, are different that the genetic program that builds the brain. The genetic program responsible for creating the brain is much different and tremendously more complex than the genetic programs that underlie physical traits in dogs.

Animal Farm Foundation infographic 4

The overwhelming majority of dogs in shelters are mixed breed dogs. Peer reviewed research shows us that visual identification of mixed breed dogs is highly inaccurate. Remember, we can only see 0.25% of their DNA!

But even if we do know their breed mix, it doesn’t tell us much about how they’ll behave. That’s because mixed breed dogs and pure breed dogs are apples and oranges. You can’t accurately compare one to another.

Not even when the mixed breed dog has pure breed parents!

Animal Farm Foundation infographic 5

The offspring is a unique combination of their parent’s DNA. They are NOT a member of either breed now that they’re less than 100% of those single breeds. That’s why it’s not accurate to make assumptions about behavior by comparing the offspring to the breeds of their parents.

Animal Farm Foundation infographic 6

But even when they are 100% pure breed dogs, it’s not a guarantee of future behavior.

For example, did you know that despite looking alike on the outside, even pure breed dogs from the same litter do not share identical DNA? Even in the case of cloned pets – animals that are genetically identical – their personalities and behavior still vary. That’s because the behavior of all dogs (pure breed and mixed breed) is influenced by many outside factors such as training, environment, management, and socialization, in addition to their genetics and breeding. There is no guarantee that a dog will act in a specific way simply based on how it looks or because of its breed.

Think of it like this: do human siblings have the exact same personalities? Even though they come from the same family, siblings still have different DNA and varying experiences which contribute to their individual health and personalities. Even identical twins – similar to cloned animals since they have identical DNA – will have personality differences due to outside influences and experiences. We’re all individuals.

It’s the same with dogs! From their unique DNA to varying external influences, all dogs are individuals (even when they do conform to breed related traits). We can’t predict their future behavior based solely on looks or breed.

Animal Farm Foundation infographic 7

Dog behavior is a complex mix of nature and nurture. Knowing a dog’s DNA is only one piece of the puzzle. A dog’s DNA is not an accurate predictor of how they will behave in the future.

Animal Farm Foundation infographic 8

The only way we can accurately determine what a dog’s needs are is to look at the individual dog in front us for the answers.

In other words, we can’t judge a book by its cover (even if that cover looks like other ones we’ve seen before)!

Animal Farm Foundation infographic 9

Treating all dogs as individuals means that we let go of biased thinking, recognizing each dog for who they really are, not who we assume they are based on looks, labels, or past experiences. In doing so, we set all dogs free of the baggage and consequences caused by our assumptions, prejudices, and discrimination.

Animal Farm Foundation infographic 10

Why does this matter?

For families: Recognizing them as an individual means that you will get to know the dog in front you, rather than assuming that because they look like another dog or are labeled a certain way, they will act the same or need the same things. By looking at the dog in front of you and seeing them as an individual first, you will be able to set them up for a successful family life by tailoring a training, management, and care routine to their specific needs.

For shelters and rescues: This means ending blanket policies and choosing to evaluate dogs as individuals instead. Some dogs will need more structured adoptions, while others will need no restrictions at all. The key is to make these determinations for each individual dog, rather than relying on assumptions based on how dogs look. This opens up the pool of potential adopters and more lives are saved.

For politicians and law makers: This means putting an end to laws passed on the flawed idea that you can determine how a dog will act based on how they look or their breed label. Rather than instituting bans on “dangerous dog breeds”, focus on creating and enforcing responsible pet ownership laws that hold ALL owners equally accountable for their individual dogs, thereby creating truly safe communities. Dogs will be labeled “dangerous” based on their actions or behavior, not based on breed label or physical appearance. Dogs will no longer be persecuted based on stereotypes.

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Want to share the infographic?

You can find the full graphic here. If you’d like to add the infographic to your website or blog, just cut and paste the embed code (at the bottom of this page). A preview image of the infographic will appear on your site!

And stay tuned: We’ll be releasing printed materials (like posters and booklets) with these images in the near future, so you’ll be able to use them in many different formats!

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CITATIONS:

The Dog and It’s Genome by Elaine Ostrander

Genetics and the Social Behavior of the Dog by Scott and Fuller

National Geographic

Kristopher J. Irizarry, PhD

Janis Bradley, The Relevance of Breed in Selecting a Companion Dog

Dr. Victoria Voith

ABSTRACTS:

Brachycephalic traits

Morphological traits

Brain development genes

Cranial facial development and here

Canine skull development

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. If you would like to make changes or translations of this work, please contact Animal Farm Foundation for permission.